The Republic of Maldives or Dhiveh Rajje' (the land of the Dhivehi people) is an island nation located in the Indian Ocean. Its closest neighbors are India (595km) and Sri Lanka (670km).
The 26 coraline atolls that from the Maldives archipelago are situeaded on top of a vulcanic ridge 960 km in length, which runs from north to south. Almost all the atolls are enclosed by a coral reef which is considered to be some of the most abundant in marine life and beauteful in the whole world.
The approximately 1190 islands that make up the Maldives are small and low lying with the highest barely three meters above mean sea level. There are no rivers or mountains in the Maldives.
The atolls stretch from north to south for about 764 km and spread to 128 km at the widest point. The equator cuts across the country between the southernmost atolls, laying Addu and Fuamulaku to the south and Huvadhu Atoll to the north.
The Maldives experiences monsoonal climate. Maldives has two distinct seasons; dry season (northeast monsoon) and wet season (southwest monsoon). Northeast monsoon extends from January to March. Daily temperature ranges from 31 °C in daytime to
23 °C in nighttime.
The wet season runs from mid-May to November.
In this season Maldives experiences torrential rain (annual average reinfall of 2277 mm).